Volume 8, Issue 3, September 2020, Page: 56-62
Characterization of Village Chicken Production and Marketing Systems in Chiro District, West Hararghe Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia
Tarekegn Demeke, Department of Animal Science, Collage of Agriculture, Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Received: Jan. 8, 2020;       Accepted: Aug. 3, 2020;       Published: Aug. 19, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.abb.20200803.13      View  59      Downloads  27
Abstract
The study was conducted to generate comprehensive information on village chicken production, management and marketing systems in Chiro district of West Harerghe Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. Majority of the respondents in the study area were female (66.7%). The largest proportions of household heads in the study area (70%) were illiterate. the overall household income in the study area was generated from agriculture (76.7%). Among agricultural activities, livestock production was contributed 53.3% for the household income. The entire households in the study area were kept exotic chicken ecotype. The major sources of that chicken were gift from governments (60%). Most of the household in the study area was practiced backyard chicken production systems (73.3%). The major objective of raising chicken in the study area was egg production (80%) and Meat production (10%). The majority of the households in the study area were practiced semi-extensive management systems (60%). The entire households in the study area were providing supplementary feed and water for their chicken. The main reason for providing supplementary feed was to increase egg yield (70%) followed by shorting of broodiness (23.3%). the entire households in the study area were hatching the egg by using natural incubation hence broody hens used as a natural incubation. Most of the households in the study area were sold their chicken through formal market (63.3%) for the consumers (83.3%). The major constraints of chicken marketing in the study area were instable chicken price, poor sales/demand seasonality, poor infrastructure, lack of credit /financial support and lack of market place. This finding was put baseline for understanding about production, management and marketing practices of village chicken and serve as a base for designing a sustainable chicken production and management strategies in the study area.
Keywords
Management, Marketing Systems, Village Chicken, Chiro Town
To cite this article
Tarekegn Demeke, Characterization of Village Chicken Production and Marketing Systems in Chiro District, West Hararghe Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia, Advances in Bioscience and Bioengineering. Vol. 8, No. 3, 2020, pp. 56-62. doi: 10.11648/j.abb.20200803.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
T. Dessie. “Phenotypic and genetic characterization of local chicken ecotypes in Ethiopia”, PhD Thesis, Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany, pp: 209, 2003.
[2]
T. Dessie, “Studies on village poultry production systems in the central highlands of Ethiopia”, MSc thesis. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 70 pp, 1996.
[3]
A. Melesse, “Comparative studies on performance and physiological responses of Ethiopian indigenous (‘Angete-melata’) chicken and their F1 crosses to long term heat stress:, PhD thesis. Martin-Luther University, Halle-Wittenberg, Berlin, Germany. Pp. 182, 2000.
[4]
A. Melese, S. Gizaw, “Study on Characterization of Local Chickens in Southern Ethiopia Proceeding Held in Hawassa.
[5]
CSA (Central Statistical Agency of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia), “Agricultural Sample Survey of Volume II, Report on Livestock and Livestock Characteristics (Private Peasant Holdings), Central Statistical Agency, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2016/17 (2009 E. C)”.
[6]
T. N. Gondwe, C. B. Wollny, W. Kaumbata, “Marketing system and channels for scavenging local chickens in Lilongwe, Malawi”, Livestock Research for Rural Development. Vol. 17, pp. 1-24, 2005.
[7]
H. Aklilu., C. J. M. Almekinders, V. D. Zijpp, “Village poultry consumption and marketing in relation to gender, religious festivals and market access”, Tropical Animal Health and Production 39, 165-168, 2007.
[8]
SPSS Version. 20.0. 2013. Software Package for Social Sciences for Window.
[9]
T. d. Assefa, M. A. Ewubetu, “Characterization of village Chicken production systems and marketing practice in Meket district, North Wollo Zone, Ethiopia”, Internation journal of Scientific research in chemical science, Vol. 7, Issue. 1, pp. 1-6, 2020.
[10]
D. Tadelle, T. Million, Y. Alemu, KJ Peters, “Village chicken production systems in Ethiopia: Use patterns and performance valuation and chicken products and socio-economic functions of chicken”, Livestock Research for Rural Development (15) 1, 2003a.
[11]
S. Gizaw., A, Tegegne, B. Gebremedhin, D Hoekstra, “Sheep and goat production and marketing systems in Ethiopia: Characteristics and strategies for improvement. IPMS (Improving Productivity and Market Success) of Ethiopian Farmers Project Working Paper 23. ILRI”, (International Livestock Research Institute), Nairobi, Kenya. 58p.
[12]
E. B. Sonaiya, S. J. Swan, “Small-scale poultry production, technical guide manual”, FAO Animal Production and Health 1. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), Rome, Italy, 2004.
[13]
C. Mapiye, S. Sibanda, “Constraints and opportunities of village chicken production systems in the smallholder sector of Rushinga District of Zimbabwe”, Livestock Res Rural Development, 2005.
[14]
F. Moges, M. Nega, G. Zeleke, “Characterization of Village chicken production and marketing system in North Amhara region, Ethiopia”, African journal of agricultural research, Vol. 9 (14), 2014.
[15]
S. Salo, G. Tadesse, D, Hilemeskel, “Village Chicken Production System and Constraints in Lemo District, Hadiya Zone, Ethiopia”, Poult Fish Wildl Sci 4: 158., 2016.
[16]
A. M. Katule “Study on potential value of indigenous chickens in Tanzania”, rural. Poult. Dev. Newsl, pp, 1-4, 1992.
[17]
A. I. Kassambara, “La production Avicole AU Mali: problems et perspectives. In: proceeding of international workshop on rural poultry in Africa”, lle-lfe, Nigeria, pp, 140-150, 1989.
[18]
R. T. Wilson, A. Traore, H. G. Kuit, M. Slingerland, “Livestock production in central Mali: Reproduction, growth and mortality of domestic fowl under traditional management”. Tropical Animal Health and Production 19 (4): 229–236, 1987.
[19]
H. H. Mogesse, “Phenotypic and genetic characterization of indigenous chicken populations in northwest Ethiopia. PhD thesis. Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, Department of Animal, Wildlife and Grassland Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa.
[20]
S. Tadesse, H. Ashenafi, Z. Aschalew, “Sero-prevalence study of Newcastle disease in local chickens in central Ethiopia”, International Journal of Applied Research Vet. Med. 3 (1): 25–29, 2005.
Browse journals by subject