Volume 8, Issue 3, September 2020, Page: 56-62
Characterization of Village Chicken Production and Marketing Systems in Chiro District, West Hararghe Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia
Tarekegn Demeke, Department of Animal Science, Collage of Agriculture, Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Received: Jan. 8, 2020;       Accepted: Aug. 3, 2020;       Published: Aug. 19, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.abb.20200803.13      View  59      Downloads  27
The study was conducted to generate comprehensive information on village chicken production, management and marketing systems in Chiro district of West Harerghe Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. Majority of the respondents in the study area were female (66.7%). The largest proportions of household heads in the study area (70%) were illiterate. the overall household income in the study area was generated from agriculture (76.7%). Among agricultural activities, livestock production was contributed 53.3% for the household income. The entire households in the study area were kept exotic chicken ecotype. The major sources of that chicken were gift from governments (60%). Most of the household in the study area was practiced backyard chicken production systems (73.3%). The major objective of raising chicken in the study area was egg production (80%) and Meat production (10%). The majority of the households in the study area were practiced semi-extensive management systems (60%). The entire households in the study area were providing supplementary feed and water for their chicken. The main reason for providing supplementary feed was to increase egg yield (70%) followed by shorting of broodiness (23.3%). the entire households in the study area were hatching the egg by using natural incubation hence broody hens used as a natural incubation. Most of the households in the study area were sold their chicken through formal market (63.3%) for the consumers (83.3%). The major constraints of chicken marketing in the study area were instable chicken price, poor sales/demand seasonality, poor infrastructure, lack of credit /financial support and lack of market place. This finding was put baseline for understanding about production, management and marketing practices of village chicken and serve as a base for designing a sustainable chicken production and management strategies in the study area.
Management, Marketing Systems, Village Chicken, Chiro Town
To cite this article
Tarekegn Demeke, Characterization of Village Chicken Production and Marketing Systems in Chiro District, West Hararghe Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia, Advances in Bioscience and Bioengineering. Vol. 8, No. 3, 2020, pp. 56-62. doi: 10.11648/j.abb.20200803.13
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