Volume 8, Issue 3, September 2020, Page: 47-55
Side Effects of Agro-chemicals on Beekeeping in East and West Gojjam Zones of Amhara Region, Ethiopia
Bizuayehu Ayele, Livestock Research Directorate, Jinka Agricultural Research Center, Jinka, Ethiopia
Abebe Jenberie, College of Agriculture and Environmental Science, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Mussie Haylemelekot, College of Agriculture and Environmental Science, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Workneh Ayalew, ICIPE, ILRI, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Received: Jun. 9, 2020;       Accepted: Jun. 24, 2020;       Published: Aug. 17, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.abb.20200803.12      View  61      Downloads  22
Abstract
The study was conducted in West and East Gojjam Zones of Amhara Region Ethiopia to determine commonly used agro-chemicals and timing of applications, their effects on honeybee by itself and beekeeper farmers used cultural practices to minimize agro-chemical side effects on honeybee; Questionnaire survey methods, key informants interview and focus group discussion were used for the study. In the questionnaire survey, 384 respondent beekeepers from 4 Woredas, 20 Kebeles (376 male and 8 female) were interviewed. Descriptive, frequency with SPSS version 20 were used. The majority of farmers spray herbicides before blooming in August and insecticides at diseases and pests observed in October, November and December. Surprisingly, almost all respondents interviewed (98.7%) have confirmed that they know the negative effects of agro-chemicals on the health status and life of the honeybee. Apparently pesticides have been causing considerable damage by killing honeybees and causing yield decline due to miss use of agrochemicals. 90.9% of the non-beekeepers who use agro-chemical had no willingness to use non-chemical or alternative mechanisms to control pests and weeds. The main reported reason for the non-beekeepers not informing others about their plan to apply agro-chemicals is their laziness and jealousy; only 8.1% of respondents have willingness to use non-chemical or cultural weed and pest control mechanisms to save honeybee colonies as well as to keep their farmlands as organic. Overall the level of cooperation between beekeepers and non-beekeepers with regard to responsible use of agro-chemicals is very weak and certainly not considerate of mutual benefits and environmental protection. Essential to capacitate beekeepers in terms of technical knowledge and skills to better manage and need concerted action to develop appropriate agro-chemical application modalities that minimize side effects on honeybees and economic losses would be recommended.
Keywords
Agro-chemicals, Cultural Mechanism, East Gojjam, West Gojjam
To cite this article
Bizuayehu Ayele, Abebe Jenberie, Mussie Haylemelekot, Workneh Ayalew, Side Effects of Agro-chemicals on Beekeeping in East and West Gojjam Zones of Amhara Region, Ethiopia, Advances in Bioscience and Bioengineering. Vol. 8, No. 3, 2020, pp. 47-55. doi: 10.11648/j.abb.20200803.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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