Volume 8, Issue 2, June 2020, Page: 35-41
Adaptability and Evaluation of Improved Orange Fleshed Sweet Potato (Ipomoea batatas L. ) Varieties in the Mid Altitude of Guji Zone, Southern Ethiopia
Solomon Teshome, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Bore Agricultural Research Center, Bore, Ethiopia
Arega Amide, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Bore Agricultural Research Center, Bore, Ethiopia
Tekile Bobo, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Bore Agricultural Research Center, Bore, Ethiopia
Received: Jun. 29, 2020;       Accepted: Jul. 25, 2020;       Published: Aug. 10, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.abb.20200802.14      View  67      Downloads  18
Abstract
"Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Bore Agricultural Research Center, Bore, Ethiopia Low yields and yield instability due to the use of old land races were limiting sweet potato production by resource-poor farmers in the zone. The Experiment was conducted at Bore Agricultural Research Center during 2018 and 2019 summer cropping season at Adola sub station and on-farm with the objective of identifying the cultivars, which could have wide or specific adaptations, and to select and recommend adaptable, frost and disease tolerant and high yielding orange type sweet potato cultivars for midlands of Guji Zone. To this effect four (Kaboli, Naspot 12, Naspot 13, Kaboli and local) improved orange varieties of sweet potato, Ipomoea batatas L., based on their yield and disease resistance performance were tested in RCBD with three replications with the spacing of 100cm*30cm between rows and plants, respectively. A widely cultivated variety (Local) was included as check. The combined analysis of variance across locations showed significant variation among genotypes and locations interaction for the number of roots, root weight, marketable yield, unmarketable yield and total storage root yield (t/ha). Based on this, the maximum mean value of root number per plot (21.33, 36.66 and 21.33) was recorded from Naspot-13, Naspot-12 and Naspot-13 variety at Dufa, Boke and Gobicha sites, respectively. However the minimum (16.00, 19.33 and 16.00) mean value of root number was recorded from Local Variety across locations. The maximum fresh root weight (670.33g and 444g) was recorded for Kabode and NASPOT-13 Variety over locations. On the other hand, the lowest fresh root weight (447.33, 437.33g and 296.33g) was recorded by Kaboli variety at all locations. The highest mean value of total root yield (65.09 t ha-1 and 59.88 t ha-1) was recorded by Naspot-13 at Dufa and Gobicha locations in 2018 and 2019 cropping seasons. While Naspot-12 gave maximum (55.16 t ha-1) total root yield at Boke location. However Kaboli gave the least (43.09, 27.19 and 37.69 t ha-1) total root yield over locations and years. Therefore Naspot 13 and Naspot-12 sweet potato varieties were more adaptable, disease tolerant and high yielder and should be promoted to farmers of the study areas for optimum production. "
Keywords
Improved Variety, Ipomoea Batatas, Naspot-12, Naspot-13, Sweet Potato
To cite this article
Solomon Teshome, Arega Amide, Tekile Bobo, Adaptability and Evaluation of Improved Orange Fleshed Sweet Potato (Ipomoea batatas L. ) Varieties in the Mid Altitude of Guji Zone, Southern Ethiopia, Advances in Bioscience and Bioengineering. Vol. 8, No. 2, 2020, pp. 35-41. doi: 10.11648/j.abb.20200802.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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